THINGS TO DO IN LISBON - MONUMENTS & BUILDINGS
Castelo De São Jorge
Castelo São Jorge is a landmark in Lisbon - a stunning, renovated, yet authentic ensemble of houses, shops and narrow streets. One of Lisbon’s most ancient neighbourhoods, the Castelo São Jorge is synonymous with Portugal’s fight against the Moorish invaders, which ended with their repulsion, and led to Portugal’s first king – Dom Afonso Henriques.
Monastery of Jerónimos
The Jerónimos Monastery is the most impressive symbol of Portugal's power and wealth during the Age of Discovery. King Manuel I built it in 1502 on the site of a hermitage founded by Prince Henry the Navigator, where Vasco da Gama and his crew spent their last night in Portugal in prayer before leaving for India. It was built to commemorate Vasco Da Gama's voyage and to give thanks to the Virgin Mary for its success. Vasco da Gama's tomb was placed inside by the entrance, as was the tomb of poet Luis de Camões, author of the epic The Lusiads in which he glorifies the triumphs of Da Gama and his compatriots. Other great figures in Portuguese history are also entombed here, like King Manuel and King Sebastião, and poets Fernando Pessoa and Alexandre Herculano.
Praça do Comércio
The square was named Praça do Comércio, the Square of Commerce, to indicate its new function in the economy of Lisbon. The symmetrical buildings of the square were filled with government bureaux regulating customs and port activities. The centrepiece of the ensemble was the equestrian statue of King José I, inaugurated in 1775 in the centre of the square. This bronze statue, the first monumental statue dedicated to a King in Lisbon, was designed by Joaquim Machado de Castro, Portugal's foremost sculptor of the time.
Torre de Belém
Built in 1515 as a fortress to guard the entrance to Lisbon's harbor, the Belem Tower was the starting point for many of the voyages of discovery, and for the sailors it was the last sight of their homeland.
It is a monument to Portugal's Age of Discovery, often serving as a symbol of the country, and UNESCO has listed it as a World Heritage monument.
Miradouro da Graca
Situated on the hill of Santo André, with a view that can reach the old neighborhoods like Mouraria, Alfama, Downtown and the Castle and also the river and 25th April Bridge. Have a drink in the esplanade facing Lisbon’s roofs and try to identify churches, monuments and whatever you can distinguish.
Padrão dos Descobrimentos
The Padrão dos Descobrimentos is an imposing and iconic monument located on the banks of the River Tagus in Lisbon. The structure is dedicated to the adventurers and explores who helped establish Portugal as a 14th century superpower. The original Padrao dos Descobrimentos was constructed from wood and was the central piece for the 1940 world fair.
Rossio is the liveliest square in the city, where people stop to sit and relax, or for a drink at the several atmospheric cafes with outdoor sitting (the most popular is the art deco Cafe Nicola on the western side).
On either side of the square are two baroque fountains, and in the center is a monument measuring 27 meters in height. It consists of a pedestal with marble allegories of Justice, Wisdom, Strength, and Moderation, qualities attributed to Dom Pedro IV, whose statue stands on top of the monument
The beautiful Basilica da Estrela was constructed as a religious obligation by Queen Mary I of Portugal after she gave birth to healthy heir to the Portuguese throne. The lovingly designed Basilica proved an insufficient offering, as Jose died two years before the final completion of the Basilica da Estrela. Mary grieved till her death and the miserable queen was buried in the basilica dedicated to her son
Sé - Lisbon Cathedral
Lisbon's ancient cathedral was built by Portugal's first king on the site of an old mosque in 1150 for the city's first bishop, the English crusader Gilbert of Hastings.
From outside (with two bell towers and a splendid rose window) it resembles a medieval fortress, while inside it appears predominantly Romanesque, with a Gothic choir and ambulatory.
Marques do Pombal
The Praça do Marques de Pombal Lisbon is an important plaza dedicated to the the great politician who was the main driving force behind the reconstruction of Lisbon after the devastating 1755 earthquake.
The square named after the Marquis of Pombal is right at the centre of Lisbon, with the convergence of both three of the capitals largest boulevards and the metro network. The monument dedicated to the Marquês de Pombal stands commandingly in the centre of the square facing down the avenue of independence towards Baixa which was re-built under his vision and guidance.
Praça dos Restauradores
The square is dedicated to the restoration of the independence of Portugal in 1640, after 60 years of Spanish domination. The obelisk in the middle of the square, inaugurated in 1886, carries the names and dates of the battles fought during the Portuguese Restoration War, in 1640.
The Monument to the Restorers is located in the center of the square.